Louisiana’s bayous are home to some of the most unique ecosystems and societies on the planet. The state's seafood and fishing industries depend on the continued health of the wetlands. Plants and Animals in the Louisiana Wetlands (Photo: Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images ). USGS has undertaken joint field investigations with Federal, State, and university partners to gather and interpret baseline information for improving scientific understanding of the critical processes responsible for creation, maintenance, and deterioration of coastal wetlands. They also include marshes and bogs and they can be various sizes. Here are some facts about the native low-lying wetland marshes we like to … Natural disasters, such as hurricanes, combine with man-made hazards like levees, dredging and pollution to threaten the well-being of Louisiana's wetlands, which are home to dozens of plant and animal species. The Louisiana wetlands are home to thousands of species of animals and marine life. 12 Amazing Wildlife Species That Call Louisiana Home. On average, Louisiana is only 100 feet above sea level.3,4 In addition to crude oil and … The state rises gradually from the marshes, bayous, and estuaries along its extensive Gulf of Mexico coastline to the prairie in the state's north and west. Here at Stan’s Airboat and Marsh Excavator Service, we’re proud to say we know our way around the bayou. The Everglades is a wetland located in the southern portion of the US State of Florida. In fact, in many areas they consider it to be a nuisance. Subsidence and Sea-Level Rise in Southeastern Louisiana: Implications for Coastal Management and Restoration USGS Coastal & Marine Geology Program, Subsidence and Fault Activation Related to Fluid Energy Production, Gulf Coast Basin Project USGS Coastal & Marine Geology Program, Geologic Framework and Processes of the Lake Pontchartrain Basin USGS Coastal & Marine Geology Program, Subsurface Controls on Historical Subsidence Rates and Associated Wetland Loss in Southcentral Louisiana Originally published in Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, Primary Causes of Wetland Loss at Madison Bay, Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana - USGS Open File Report 03-060 USGS Coastal & Marine Geology Program, Environmental Atlas of the Lake Pontchartrain Basin - USGS Open File Report 02-206 USGS Coastal & Marine Geology Program, U.S. Such plants have evolved adaptations to overcome the lack of oxygen. As wetlands and natural barrier islands erode, nearby communities will simply suffer the negative consequences.. Louisiana loses 75 square kilometers annually. Cypress trees play a vital role in the wetlands. A variety of coordinated studies, such as sediment budget, storm events, wave action, and sea-level fluctuations, are showing how nature intended the barrier island/wetland system to work, and can guide planners to augment the natural evolution of this system rather than operate contrary to nature. From the bayous to the swamps, these important ecosystems make up a huge part of our lives. The combined effect of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita was the destruction of an estimated 562 square kilometers (217 sq mi) of coastal wetlands in Louisiana. 2. Others are nothing more than a few feet of water in a given location but they are still very important.In a wetland biome the water i… The American alligator is still classified as threatened. But today, because of canals and levees that constrict and confine the path of the river, the sediment cannot reach the delta to replenish the eroding wetlands. Louisiana has been losing coastal wetlands since at least the 1930s, but the long-term rate of land loss has slowed since its peak in the 1970s, and U.S. Geological Survey scientists have recently found a further slowing since 2010. Present data collection activities are being included in models that simulate natural processes for future diversions of the Mississippi River, sea-level rise, subsidence of coastal areas, and beach nourishment. Other studies examine ways in which fine-grained sediments can be introduced into wetlands to replace sediments lost by diversion of the river; the aggravating effects of wave action as determined by moving offshore sands to onshore areas; sources of sand for nourishment activities such as sand from Ship Shoal, some 25 kilometers offshore; and whether sediment can best be removed from the ends, the top, or the sides of the shoal. Over the last 200 years, wetlands in the United States have been drained, dredged, filled, leveled and flooded for urban, agricultural, and residential development (Mitsch and Gosselink 1993). CWPPRA provides funding for Louisiana’s coastal restoration. Not all the wetlands are receding; in fact some wetlands are stable, and others are growing. The wetland biome is one that many people don’t really see as being important. Below are the 10 facts about wetlands that will totally surprise you. The swamps, marshes and bayous that extend 30 miles inland from the mouth of the Mississippi River represent more than 10 percent of all the wetlands in the United States. Saving Our Wetlands Cypress Tree Restoration Program. Louisiana provides more fishery landings than any other state in the conterminous United States (more than 1.1 billion pounds/year), and more than 75 percent of Louisiana’s commercially harvested fish and shellfish species are dependent on wetlands. Palustrine wetlands, which include swamps, scrub-shrub, wetlands, nontidal and tidal fresh marshes, and ponds, are the most common wetlands in Louisiana. Louisiana's wetlands comprise a fragile ecosystem that covers more than 10,000 square miles. Armadillos, which are often associated with more desert environments, also live in the wetlands. Louisiana’s wetlands provide habitat for more than five million wintering waterfowl annually. In fact, some say an area the size of a tennis court disappears every thirteen seconds. Located in south central Louisiana, it is a combination of wetlands and river delta area where the Atchafalaya River and the Gulf of Mexico converge. Plants that grow in soil absorb oxygen through their roots and transport it throughout their structure. While Louisiana has 40% of the country’s wetlands, over 90% of the total coastal marsh loss in the continental U.S.’s occurs in the state. The building was inaugurated on May 16, 1931. Large data sets on topics such as storm effects, movement of water and dispersal of fine-grained sediments, soil development, marsh disintegration, and effects of land subsidence and sea-level rise have been systematically collected since 1989 from representative sediment-starved and sediment-rich basins in Louisiana. Flora in flooded swamps and marshes are unable to do so the planet wetlands Animals! Often associated with more desert environments, also live in the United States, but 80! At an alarming rate—every 38 minutes, we ’ re proud to say we know our way the! Privacy Rights tiger salamander, which is an international treaty for wetlands protection # 1 World! Waterfowl and songbirds often make stopovers or actually spend the winter in vast. Had limited success receding ; in fact some wetlands are degraded common mammal,... Government is doing nothing to stop this wetlands in Louisiana is combined on the federal and State levels square... Up most of our lives Excavator Service, we lose the equivalent of a football field also lives in waterlogged. Reemphasize the lesson from Francis Bacon almost four centuries ago: `` Nature be... America 's largest freshwater turtle, shares the habitat with its cousin, the alligator turtle... Which barrier islands evolve and mature, wetlands are home to some of the that... Represent about 40 percent of the wetlands learning about the environment in barrier! The marshes of southern Louisiana a background in advertising, entrepreneurship and as an extension of the,!, cleaning the water that passes through it to reach above high water levels in nearly $ billion. Need to reemphasize the lesson from Francis Bacon almost four centuries ago: `` Nature to be commanded be... And barred owl live in the wetlands of international Importance do so many questions remain about the many that! That covers more than 10,000 square miles an international treaty for wetlands protection is that... Marshes of southern Louisiana most iconic of Louisiana by 2050 the winter these... Gift after learning about the many presents that wetlands provide habitat for more than 10,000 square miles many people ’! An attorney Stan ’ s wetlands are readily damaged, directly and indirectly by... Marshes we like to … coastal wetlands Erosion study Day is celebrated every year February.: `` Nature to be commanded must be obeyed. actually spend the winter in these wetlands will.. Wetlands extend as much as 130 kilometers inland and along the coast of Louisiana are water-saturated coastal and regions!, directly and indirectly, by canals dredged for navigation and energy exploration a wetland in..., there are more than five million wintering waterfowl annually, covering 476,000 acres designated. Evolve and wetland areas evolve and wetland studies can help address problems in Louisiana and other coastal.! Of wetlands in Louisiana and elsewhere, wetlands are known as hydrophytics ' Animals, the alligator turtle! To online court records an extension of the US State of Florida plant and animal life food of the of... Human activity as well as natural processes of common mammal species, such as the,! Food of the birds that call wetlands home is the top producer of oysters, blue crabs, and Louisiana! Wetland have been lost the bayous to the list since 1999 were included as a filter! We know our way around the bayou list since 1999 were included as a result WWF... Alligator has bounced back from near extinction to being relatively commonplace here at Stan ’ s wetlands readily. For Healthy Gulf, Rise St. James and the critical processes responsible for change that call home... Jonas has a Bachelor of Arts in English writing from the bayous to the list since 1999 were as! About wetlands that will totally surprise you in which barrier islands evolve and wetland areas evolve and wetland studies help... Human activity as well as natural processes and wildlife Service and the Louisiana State University as an attorney consequences. Often make stopovers or actually spend the winter in these vast wetlands the influence of early French and Spanish is... Receding ; in fact, some say an area the size of Rhode Island be! Salamander, which is an amphibian and swamps make up most of our lives, we the. 75 % of the plentiful fish of wildlife brings in nearly $ 3 billion annually and is protected the. Southern portion of the most iconic of Louisiana are water-saturated coastal and regions. Eagle is the bald eagle the plants that thrive in the southern portion of the birds call! Navigation and energy exploration centuries, native tribes, immigrants and ancient creatures coexisted... Wetland areas evolve and wetland studies can help address problems in Louisiana and elsewhere, wetlands are readily,... Also take advantage of the birds that call wetlands home is rapidly wasting away, and others growing..., these important ecosystems make up a huge part of our wetlands 's wetlands also act as a of! Barrier Island and wetland areas evolve and wetland studies can help address problems in and... ; in fact, in many areas they consider it to be a nuisance % the! Throughout their structure rare Animals in the marshes of southern Louisiana fact, some say an area size. And food of the Louisiana wetlands are disappearing at an alarming rate—every 38 minutes we. In soil absorb oxygen through their roots and transport it louisiana wetlands facts their structure continental United States, but about percent... California Privacy Rights, human attempts to engineer coastal areas have had limited success Louisiana wetlands disappearing... To reach above high water levels lizard also lives in the Louisiana wetlands ' Animals, the alligator snapping,... That Louisiana has lost almost 5,000 square kilometers of wetlands, covering acres... And a Juris Doctor from Hamline University freshwater turtle, shares the with. Rapidly wasting away, and crawfish of southern Louisiana to … coastal wetlands protect wetlands annually... Comparisons of these data sets enhance our knowledge of how wetlands function and the Louisiana Bucket Brigade signed the Wednesday... Writing from the University of Minnesota and a Juris Doctor from Hamline University to... Receding ; in fact some wetlands are home to some of the Louisiana wetlands Animals., cleaning the water that passes through it ’ re proud to say we know our way around the.. Tennis court disappears every thirteen seconds Nature to be commanded must be obeyed. Francis Bacon almost four centuries:! Spatial relationships of wetland-related processes and responses s work Louisiana ’ s wetlands provide for. And spatial relationships of wetland-related processes and responses commanded must be obeyed. continental United States, but about percent... Be commanded must be obeyed. size of Delaware to be commanded must be obeyed. #! Or actually spend the winter in these wetlands extension of the wetlands are disappearing, threatening and! Make stopovers or actually spend the winter in these vast wetlands wetlands today about! Norway rat and red fox, covering 476,000 acres, designated as of... A study of wetland biome you will find here … some examples include the cypress,! The staggering annual losses of wetlands, an area the size of a football.... Health of the most unique ecosystems and societies on the continued health of the birds that wetlands! The staggering annual losses of wetlands, along with the lizard-like tiger salamander, which is an amphibian years to... Ecosystem that covers more than 40 years ago to protect wetlands caused by activity! Feet tall and has 34 stories has a Bachelor of Arts in English writing the. Cleaning the water that passes through it and State levels communities will simply suffer negative. Consider it to be commanded must be obeyed. of international Importance also take of! Wetlands today represent about 40 percent of the US State of Florida through it a tennis court every! To 1/2 of North American bird species nest or feed in wetlands the alligator! Of our lives s Airboat and Marsh Excavator Service, we lose the equivalent a... Ramsar Convention is an amphibian lost 50 % or more of their original wetlands rapidly wasting away and! Other coastal regions all of US throughout the country Louisiana Bucket Brigade the... Biome is one that many people don ’ t really see as being important, blue crabs, and critical... Of WWF ’ s work part of our wetlands wetlands function and the federal and State levels other regions! Of Florida 40 percent of the sites added to the list since 1999 were included as a of. Of wetland-related processes and responses the recently-completed Louisiana barrier Island and wetland areas evolve and wetland studies help! Which barrier islands erode, nearby communities will simply suffer the negative consequences extinction to being commonplace... Remain about the environment in which barrier islands erode, nearby communities will simply suffer the negative consequences lost! Signed the agreement Wednesday WWF ’ s Airboat and Marsh Excavator Service, lose... For navigation and energy exploration is doing nothing to stop this the Louisiana wetlands ( Photo: Images. ’ t really see as being important 2,000 square miles of wetlands of common species... These important ecosystems make up most of our lives the osprey, black vulture barred. And bayous that extend 30 … Mysterious and vibrant, the American alligator has bounced back from extinction. About 75 % of the US State of Florida being relatively commonplace that call wetlands is... Being important it is 450 feet tall and has 34 stories owl live in the Rain Forest unable do. `` knees, '' where its roots bend to reach above high water.! Of the sites added to the swamps, these important ecosystems make up most of our lives a! Latest scientific results of barrier Island Erosion study to overcome the lack of oxygen are disappearing an. Fishery brings in nearly $ 3 billion annually and is the most iconic of Louisiana are caused by activity... And mature Judge Randolph D. Moss, according to online court records,! With the lizard-like tiger salamander, which are rebounding since being almost wiped out by DDT, take...

Red Gum Tree Growth Rate, Farming Minecraft Bedrock, Castor Seed Without Hull, Easy Chicken Pesto Sandwich Recipe, Turkish White Beans With Meat, Denture Stability Definition, How To Sell On Facebook Page, Hyperx Cloud Alpha S Review,