Sweet osmanthus is known under various names such as osmanthus fragrans, tea olive, sweet olive, and fragrant olive. With the grand scale of development in China it’s not surpising that many ancient sweet olives have found themselves in the way. Sweet olive is not a small shrub or tree, reaching 12 metres in time. aurantiacus is the orange-flowered form that one can find occasionally in the landscapes of the South and it’s a treasure when it reaches peak bloom and fragrance. Plant Portraits: Osmanthus fragrans (Guìhuā (桂花) or Sweet Olive), http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1450/#b, Geranium palmatum versus Geranium maderense, How to Grow Ornamental Gingers in UK Gardens. Plum Blossom (梅花) In Chinese culture the plum blossom is considered as “friend of winter.” It … Tourists flock to gawk at their size and glory. Keep in mind that sweet olives are one of the ten “traditional flowers of China” and this is a species planted in the millions. In fact, during October when the species is at its best, over ten Chinese cities honor the plant with a wide variety of special holidays. Trees or shrubs 3-5(-10) m, glabrous. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. In the warmer parts of China, the plant continues to bloom non-stop throughout the winter to spring. It was a Portuguese Jesuit missionary named João de Loureiro who first formally identified Osmanthus fragrans in around 1790, at the same time the first specimen arrived at Kew Gardens. The flowers on those Sweet Olives are so delicately beautiful. Native to China and enjoying a wide range, there are many old patriarchs over 1000 years old. In fact quite the reverse. It is ideal for tea lovers that prefer a fresh, green oolong quality and refined, floral balance to the brew. 1784; O.ovalis Miquel; Osmanthus longibracteatus H. T. Chang; O.macrocarpus P. Y. Bai.. Let me know which you decide: http://www.paramountplants.co.uk/plant/OSMANTHUSF/osmanthus-fragrans.html, http://www.chilternseeds.co.uk/item_931b_osmanthus_fragrans_seeds, Hi I love the sweet olive flower. Another city, Guilin (translated as ‘forest of sweet osmanthus’) is named after the numerous sweet olives which can be found there. ( Log Out /  All osmanthus species are related to the olive, so the common name is appropriate. Chinese Zodiac Folklore S19; Wedding Folklore S19; Fall 2018. 16. Thank you for the beautiful blog and amazing, professional quality pictures and tantalizing descriptions. ed. Protective fences mark their importance. Siringe Related Objects : Flora of China : Illustration: Illustration Hi Ching. Osmanthus fragrans Lour., ; Fl. Common names: Tea Olive, Fragrant Olive, Sweet Olive, Kinmokusei in Japan. In Chinese herbal medicine a tea made from sweet olive bark is used to treat boils and carbuncles, whilst the essential oil is considered to have insect-repelling properties. Initiation Rituals; Proverbs; Gestures; Superstitions; Tongue Twisters; Jokes; Winter 2018. In a carnival-like atmosphere, Chinese citizens flock to sweet olive festivals to bask in the fragrance and glory of the plant. It’s forty feet in height and this mystical tree was planted by the Xiaohe himself, the Minister of the Han Dynasty. Although it takes many years to produce a saleable specimen, he looks at this as a kind of Chinese retirement plan! "fragrant osmanthus"; Chinese: 桂花, guìhuā, and 木樨, mùxī; Cantonese Yale: gwai fā; Shanghainese: kue ho ; Japanese: 木犀, mokusei; Hindi: सिलंग, silang), variously known as sweet osmanthus, sweet olive, tea olive, and fragrant olive, is a species native to Asia from the Himalayas through southern China (Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan) to Taiwan, southern Japan and Southeast Asia as far south as Cambodia and Thailand. Change ). A surname. ( Log Out /  Time is an interesting thing to a Chinese businessman – ancient trees are an investment. Chinese Mid Autumn Festival 中秋節 is coming around the corner! However it doesn’t really smell like peaches, instead it’s a more perfumed kind of smell. Over many years, I’ve been working in southeastern China on various projects. That sounds like fun Sandy. The leaves are green to slightly silvered and the flowers white, cream or pale yellow and insignificant – similar in some ways to Elaeagnus ‘Quicksilver’ . A beloved tea with a lovely scent and flavor it can also be used medicinally to promote healthy skin, lower blood pressure, counter stress, and reduce inflammation. Having been collected in South China the plant did not take well to the English weather and failed to flower well. In terms of popularity, sweet olive has a long way to go in the USA. I think Chicago would be too chilly for sweet olives, but in Alabama it would be worth try. Even moving at speed along the expressways of Taizhou, the pale orange flowers of Osmanthus fragrans var. Whilst not sophisticated, the scent is light and youthful, reminiscent of the fragrance used in apricot and peach-scented cosmetics. Osmanthus Flower Jelly, a traditional Chinese dessert filled with the colors of autumn and delicately scented with osmanthus flower. Osmanthus flowers have a concentrated flavor. September 18, 2017. Also called sweet olive or tea olive, the osmanthus fragrans flower has the mandarin name gui hua (桂花) and is one of the reputed 10 traditional flowers of China. After all, China is home to a long history with the plant and harbors most of the world’s ancient germplasm of the species. There are now over 157 varieties of sweet olive in China divided into four main groups: Fragrans, Latifolius, Thunbergii, and Aurantiacus. In plant-hunting circles, one of the treasures yet to say hello in southern horticulture is the elusive red-flowered form of sweet olive, Osmanthus fragrans. Scientific name: Osmanthus fragrans. Flower fragrance is held in high esteem, and I was told that with some varieties, only two flowers floating in a tea cup were needed to fill a small closed room with fragrance. I can offer you 2 suggestions at wild extremes. Aha, so that’s why 5-star hotels always smell so good. 14, 57. Xiang’s work is legend. Not sure if I have ever seen those. Chinese Symbol Character For Sweet osmanthus, Everything About It and 800 PLUS SYMBOLS. 1: 29 (1790). It is believed in traditional Chinese medicine that osmanthus … Osmanthus Flower Yams Read More » campus: south (west) Milam. aurantiacus – Oct 17, 2004. During one of my visits in 2004, I was invited by scientist Xiang Qibai of the Nanjing Forestry University to participate in the first International Sweet Osmanthus conference in Shanghai, China in early October, 2004. Osmanthus fragrans var. The life and loves of a time-poor plantsman. campus: on bank northeast of Withycombe Hall. I didn’t because Chinese jails are reported as Spartan and I’m timid about things like that. Osmanthus Oolong is a fragrant green oolong infused with osmanthus flowers. aurantiacus (photo Il Giardino). Osmanthus: from Greek osme, fragrance, and anthos, flowers. Learn how your comment data is processed. According to the reference, An Illustrated Monograph of the Sweet Osmanthus Cultivars in China, the cultivar name in Chinese is translated as "Heaven Fragrance Duplicate," indicating the intense fragrance of its flowers. However, it is always better to consult your doctor first if you want to drink it during pregnancy. In the UK, sweet olive is considered slightly tender, tolerating short spells below 0°C but preferring temperatures a little more on the balmy side. It is made of glutinous millet flour, soybean powder, sweetened bean paste, sugar, brown sugar or sweet red bean paste, sesame oil and osmanthus. My colleagues in China told me about a particularly delicious desert made by stuffing a lotus root full of of sticky rice and glazing it with osmanthus jam. Today, a specimen can be found in the more clement surroundings of the temperate house at Kew. In June 2012, I visited a very small nursery near Chang Jie village, Ninghai county, Ningbo city in Zhejiang province in southeastern China. In China, old sweet olive trees ( 桂花 ) are revered, signed and interpreted, and given holy attendance. He is a Professor, Doctorate tutor of Botany and Landscape Plants of Nanjing Forestry University, Director of Research Centre of Osmanthus, N.F.U., and the Vice President, Sweet Osmanthus Branch of Chinese Flower Association. I am The Frustrated Gardener and this is my blog. Osmanthus fragrans naturally occurs in the Eastern Himalaya, through China and into Taiwan and southern Japan, but is now widely planted throughout the warmer parts of Asia, the USA and Europe. Knowing my interest in the species, my hosts made arrangements for me to visit Mr. Wang who is a carpenter by trade, but owns a small specialty nursery as a side business. This Chinese cultivar has some of the largest and most fragrant flowers of this species. With a distinct creamy white leaf margin surrounding a light green center and new growth featuring a pinkish-mauve tone, I was quite taken. Add flour, yeast and water to form a smooth dough. It is a re-blooming orange flowering form of our age old Osmanthus fragrans. —Song Zhiwen, Tang Dynasty When osmanthus flowers exude their fragrance in autumn, it beckons one to remember the legend of the osmanthus tree on the moon that shades the moon goddess’s palace. The most exciting recent introduction into the USA is ‘Fudingzhu’, or more popularly known as ‘Nanjing Beauty’. The plant responsible for this fruity scent is Osmanthus fragrans, known locally as guìhuā (桂花) and in the UK as sweet or fragrant olive. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. It is also widely planted in … Cochinch. The most exciting recent introduction into the USA is ‘Fudingzhu’, or more popularly known as ‘Nanjing Beauty’. It is ideal for tea lovers that prefer a fresh, green oolong quality and refined, floral balance to the brew. Traditional Chinese medicine, recommends osmanthus tea for pregnant women. I am in Zone 5 so you are right, it would not work here. You should add only a teaspoon of Osmanthus flowers to make Osmanthus tea. Mr. Wang wrestles very large and ancient trees from the mountains, cuts them back dramatically, and then brings them to his small patch of ground. Osmanthus fragrans has been in cultivation in China for over 2000 years, well before it was ever introduced into the west in 1856. The flowers of O. fragrans are used throughout East Asia for their scent and flavour, which is likened to apricot and peach. delavayi : after Abbè Jean Marie Delavay (1838-95), French missionary in China who introduced it to France in 1890. The Chinese name for this cultivar is 'Yue Yue Hong' (meaning "monthly red") and is a cultivar from Guangxi province. It’s the latter that’s attracted the plant hunter’s eye, for it’s this group that finds the orange and orange-red flowers. Well, that seemed easy enough but I thought my knowledge the subject might be more or less summed up in a minute or two. ( Log Out /  Unnamed variety seen at Yong Feng Nursery near Ninghai, China in June 2016, Osmanthus fragrans ‘Qiannan Guifei’, Yong Feng Nursery, Ninghai, China, June 2016. It is customary in Hong Kong for 5 star hotels to have a house fragrance, pumped into lobbies in heady clouds and sold at great expense in the gift shop. Bean Paste Cake (Liang Gao) (凉糕) Bean Paste Cake is a traditional Han desert popular in Beijing … ( Log Out /  The most impressive tree that I’ve seen up close was the stately specimen in the landscape of Linggu Temple, Nanjing city, Jiangsu province and this dense-foliaged giant is over 20’ tall, sixty inches in circumference and sports a crown diameter of 25’. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Chinese Name: 驴打滚 lǘ dǎ gǔn Flavor: sweet and tender Cook Method: steam This is one of best local food in Beijing and a classic dessert. Osmanthus yunnanensis in the Ruby Mize Garden – January 18, 2012. In the last twenty years, an effort has been made to preserve the species in China and select superior cultivars. He will grow these into a big ball and retrieve a very high price for the ultimate specimen. ( Log Out /  I learned that Mr. Wang must graft these onto older trees to get them to grow. Thank you for visiting and I hope you like what you find. When I inquired about the “name” I learned he called it, ‘Yin Bian Cai Ye Gui’ which simply refers to it as a colorful leaf version. Mmmm, I can smell them from here! This clone is now at SFA and while it grows ever so slowly, it’s alive and well. While never destined for the mass market, it boasts good fragrance and growth rate. Osmanthus Menu Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. There’s a lot of that in China, and sweet olive is part of that effort. The flowers’ scent is especially powerful in the evening, so plant close to doors, windows and terraces to get the best from them in late summer and autumn. Osmanthus Oolong is a fragrant green oolong infused with osmanthus flowers. ( Log Out /  The scent that greats me on my return to London is rain on tarmac and damp leaves. Veg. Osmanthus found its way into alcohol in form of wine that is associated with the Mid-Autumn festival. The choice depends on how patient you are prepared to be! The fragrance in a confined space would be superb. Professors Xiang Qibai and Liu Yulian, Nanjing Forestry University, are coauthors of the Illustrated Monograph of the Sweet Osmanthus Cultivars in China – June 12, 2016. 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